Visit Banda Aceh is blog about Banda Aceh city. Banda Aceh city located in Sumatra Island, Indoneis, is the world best cultural destination. In this blog you will see lot of unique things about Banda Aceh. Feel free to contact us : visitbandaaceh[at]gmail.com

Aceh is a region located on the northern tip of the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. Aceh is known for its unique culture, historical significance, and natural beauty. Here are some key points about Aceh:

  1. Geography: Aceh is situated in the westernmost part of Indonesia and is known for its picturesque landscapes, including stunning beaches, lush rainforests, and mountainous terrain.
  2. Culture and Religion: Aceh has a distinct cultural identity influenced by its history as a center of Islamic culture in Southeast Asia. The region practices a more “conservative” but also best practice for moderate form of Islam compared to other parts of Indonesia. Sharia law is implemented in Aceh, making it unique in the country. Tourist feel safe and comfort under this law.
  3. Tsunami Tragedy: Aceh gained international attention due to the devastating Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami that struck on December 26, 2004. The disaster resulted in significant loss of life and widespread destruction in the region.
  4. Recovery and Reconstruction: After the tsunami, Aceh received substantial aid and support from the international community for recovery and reconstruction efforts. The disaster prompted increased attention to disaster preparedness and relief efforts globally.
  5. Autonomy: Following years of conflict and unrest, Aceh was granted special autonomy by the Indonesian government. This autonomy allows the province to have greater control over its local affairs and the implementation of Sharia law.
  6. Tourism: Aceh’s natural beauty has made it a potential tourism destination. The region offers opportunities for eco-tourism, diving, and cultural experiences.
  7. Languages: The main language spoken in Aceh is Acehnese, which belongs to the Austronesian language family. Bahasa Indonesia, the national language of Indonesia, is also widely spoken.
  8. Coffee: Aceh is known for its coffee production. The region’s coffee is often grown at high altitudes and has gained recognition for its unique flavors.
  9. Cultural Heritage: Aceh has a rich cultural heritage, with traditional music, dance, and art forms that are distinct to the region.


Banda Aceh City

Banda Aceh, kota (city), capital of the autonomous Aceh daerah istimewa (special district; with provincial status), Indonesia. It is located on the Aceh River at the northwestern tip of the island of Sumatra, facing the Andaman Sea.

Doorway to Mecca

Banda Aceh is known as the “doorway to Mecca,” for historically it has been a stopping place for Muslim pilgrims journeying by ship from the east to Mecca. Visited by Marco Polo in 1292 and by Ibn Baṭṭūṭah in 1345 and 1346, Banda Aceh became the capital of the sultanate of Aceh in the 17th century. Its ruler, Iskandar Muda, engaged in naval battles with the Portuguese in the Strait of Malacca, between Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula.

The Dutch occupied the city in 1873 but never win, the longest war and cost a lot of money, Acehnese keep fight and the subsequent Acehnese War between the Dutch and the Acehnese continued until 1903. Banda Aceh remained a centre of Acehnese separatist efforts after Aceh was incorporated into Indonesia as an autonomous province in 1949.

Thanks to its survival in the face of the most devastating tsunami in living memory, Baiturrahman Mosque holds a special place in the hearts of the Acehnese. It symbolizes Aceh’s indelibly vibrant Islamic culture, its glittering black-against-white design holding steadfast against anything nature could throw its way.

The present structure dates back to 1881; it was built by the Dutch to replace a 12th-century mosque that had been destroyed by previous battles. The seven jet-black domes recall those of Mughal India; the mosque interior takes up some 4,760 square meters, good enough to accommodate 9,000 worshipers simultaneously.

A visit to the Baiturrahman Grand Mosque is de rigueur for any trip to Banda Aceh—it’s hard to miss, after all, given its location in the city center next to the market. The Aceh Tsunami Museum stands some 600m south of the mosque—visit this afterward to see how the city bounced back from disaster.

Banda Aceh: tsunami, 2004
Banda Aceh: tsunami, 2004 Satellite image of Banda Aceh, Indon., showing the devastation caused by the tsunami of December 2004. DigitalGlobe


In December 2004 the Indian Ocean tsunami, triggered by a massive undersea earthquake west of Sumatra, destroyed or heavily damaged much of the city and killed tens of thousands of people.

050102-N-9593M-040 Indian Ocean (Jan. 2, 2005) Ð A village near the coast of Sumatra lays in ruin after the Tsunami that struck South East Asia. Helicopters assigned to Carrier Air Wing Two (CVW-2) and Sailors from USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN 72) are conducting humanitarian operations in the wake of the Tsunami that struck South East Asia. The Abraham Lincoln Carrier Strike Group is currently operating in the Indian Ocean off the waters of Indonesia and Thailand. U.S. Navy photo by Photographer’s Mate 2nd Class Philip A. McDaniel (RELEASED)

The population of Banda Aceh is mostly Acehnese, together with South Asians, Arabs, Chinese, and others. Local industries produce gold jewelry, cotton and silk fabrics, lamps, engraved copper bowls, and sword blades.

The city contains many notable sites—including a sports stadium, the Baiturrahman Mosque, the Aceh Museum, the Gunongan (a series of baths and pleasure gardens on the banks of the Aceh River), and a fine beach—though most sustained heavy damage from the 2004 tsunami.

Syiah Kuala University was founded in 1960. The city is linked by road and rail with the eastern coastal cities of Lhokseumawe, Langsa, and Medan. It also has an airport providing domestic flights as well as air service to and from Malaysia. Pop. (2010) 223,446. (Britannica)